Child Nutrition Reauthorization is a broad piece of legislation that includes School Meals, WIC, Farm to School, Child and Adult Care Food Program, Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program and the Summer Food Service Program. The reauthorization amends the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (signed into law in 1946) and the Child Nutrition Act of 1966.
- Most Recent Reauthorization: On December 13, 2010, the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act (S. 3307 — 111th Congress) reauthorized child nutrition programs (view the full legislation).
- Administered By: The Food and Nutrition Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (view USDA webpage about the HHFKA)
Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act Key Points
The HHFKA was historic in nature and made many needed changes to ensure good health for future generations. Highlights include, but are not limited to:
- Reauthorized many child nutrition feeding programs, including the National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs, the Child and Adult Care Feeding Program, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, and Farm-to-School.
- Created new school lunch and breakfast nutrition standards that align school meals with the latest nutrition science.
- Required all foods and beverages sold outside of the cafeteria be aligned with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
- Elevated the status of school nutrition professionals, many of who are RDNs, by requiring nation-wide minimum qualifications and continuing education.
- Provided grant money to bolster Farm to School connections.
- Expanded After-School Meal Program to all states and made gains in Summer Food Service administration and reach.
- The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and Children (WIC) saw an increase authorization for breastfeeding support.
Download the Academy’s Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act issue brief for more information about the legislation. Also, view the Academy’s priorities and recommendations for Child Nutrition Reauthorization.
Child Nutrition Reauthorization Marker Bills
Members of Congress, with an interest in these programs, will introduce or have already introduced bills that will be considered as part Child Nutrition Reauthorization. These bills cover related issues and are intended to either be incorporated into the larger CNR bill, or voted on as amendments to CNR, and are termed "marker bills."
The Academy has signed on to letters of support, and been featured in press releases, to show our organizational backing for some marker bills since they align with our recommendations and position papers. In addition, the Academy continues to monitor and, in some cases, oppose other marker bills. A summary of these bills is below.
Marker Bills: Support
- School Food Modernization Act (H.R. 3006)
- Summer Meals Act of 2017 (H.R. 203)
- Farm to School Act of 2017 (H.R. 3687)
- Early Childhood Nutrition Improvement Act (H.R. 1332)
Marker Bills: Oppose per CNR Work Group Recommendations
- Fruit and Vegetable Access for Children Act (H.R. 3402): This act will amend the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act by including canned, dried, frozen, and pureed fruits and vegetables.