Diseases and Conditions

This section features current evidence-based guidelines that address areas such as lifestyle management to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and nutrition therapy recommendations for diabetes. You will also find answers to questions relating to various diseases and conditions, including, CVD, diabetes, food allergies, malnutrition, and more, as well as MNT resources.

  • Psoriasis

    07/28/2017 - Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the skin. It occurs as a result of the accelerated turnover of cells, which accumulate on the skin’s surface. This process causes red, thick patches with silvery scales to develop, and these plaques that form cause the area to itch or become sore. Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the skin, but the areas most commonly affected include the scalp, face, lower back, elbows, knees, palms of hands and soles of feet.

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    07/28/2017 - Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the nervous system, and it is characterized by the destruction of myelin sheath, which is the protective material that surrounds and protects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. This impacts the transmission of nerve signals, resulting in symptoms that vary amongst individuals and may include muscle weakness, numbness, difficulties with speech and memory or changes in vision or bladder and bowel function.

  • Update on the Use of Nutritional and Dietary Interventions for Children Diagnosed with Autism

    07/28/2017 - Autism spectrum disorder is a group of developmental disabilities that can affect speech and language development, result in repetitive behaviors, and/or impact social interactions and food intake. Symptoms can vary greatly from child to child in terms of how they manifest and their age of onset. The prevalence of ASD, based on surveillance data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has been approximately 1 in 68 children, with a higher occurrence noted in males (1 in 42), as of the year 2012.

  • Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

    07/28/2017 - Pediatric Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a chronic disease associated with the accumulation of excessive fat in the liver (hepatic steatosis). In the United States, NAFLD is considered the most common form of liver disease in children 18 years or younger. Its incidence has been increasing since the late 1980s and at a faster rate than obesity in this same population.

  • Indicators Used to Determine Malnutrition in Adults

    06/12/2017 - In 1974, the article "The Skeleton in the Hospital Closet" alerted the health care community to the alarming number of patients who were malnourished due in part to significantly decreased oral intake while hospitalized.

  • An Anti-Inflammatory Diet

    06/12/2017 - Inflammation can be acute, such as following an infection or injury and result in localized pain, redness and swelling or become chronic and affect different organs and tissues of the body.

  • Primary Nutritional Issues with Parkinson's Disease

    05/24/2017 - Nutritional goals for the patient with Parkinson's disease include improving fiber intake and reducing constipation, maintaining hydration status, assessing for dysphagia and gastrointestinal problems, providing adequate energy to prevent weight loss or excessive gain due to lack of physical activity and preventing bone thinning and vitamin D deficiency.

  • Diagnosing Food Allergies: Current Guidelines

    12/19/2016 - Health care professionals in the past used a wide range of criteria to diagnose and define food allergies which made their prevalence difficult to estimate. Even today, many people mistake a food intolerance for a food allergy