Prenatal and Maternal Health

In 1969, the White House Conference on Food, Nutrition, and Health was convened to focus national attention and resources on the problem of malnutrition and hunger caused by poverty. Among the recommendations stated in the conference report was that special attention be given to the nutritional needs of low-income pregnant women and preschool children. As a result of this conference and the efforts of supporters, the WIC Program was established in 1976. WIC’s high rate of return on investment has given the program Congressional support.

Academy members are key to the success of WIC, providing effective nutrition education and MNT. WIC is not an entitlement program; it is a Federal grant program for which Congress authorizes a specific amount of funding each year for program operations. Consequently, the Academy advocates annually for needed funding based on the evidence of the program's success.